Every living being in the world takes birth and then dies. This cycle has gone on, and will continue forever. Myriad have came into and gone away, but no one knows their names today. But there are some personalities who never go away from the hearts and minds of their society and country; even though they are physically not there any more.
One evening a boy was out for a walk with his father. Not hearing the footsteps of the boy, the father looked back. The boy was sitting on the ground and he seemed to be planting. The father became curious.
“What are you doing?” father said
“Look, father, I shall grow guns all over the field” was the innocent reply of the boy. His eyes shone with the strong faith that guns would grow in the field. His father struck with wonder at the little boy’s words.
The boy was Bhagat Singh who later fought like a hero for India’s freedom and sacrificed his life.
Bhagat Singh was born on 27th September, 1907 in Banga Village, Distt. Layalpur, Punjab (present place in Pakistan). At the time of his birth, his father Sardar Kishan Singh was in Lahore Central Jail for participating in India’s fight for freedom. He was the third son of Sardar Kishan Singh and Vidyavati. At the same time, Kishan Singh and the Uncle Swaran Singh were freed from the jail. Within couple of days another uncle of his, Ajit Singh, too, would be freed. As he thus brought good fortune to his family the child was named Bhagat Singh. ‘Bhagat Singh’ means ‘the fortunate’.
Since his childhood, Bhagat Singh was very curious in nature. His teachers wondered at his intelligence. He scored good marks in subjects like history, geography and arithmetic. But he had a bad score in English – 68 out of 150 because he always hated the British! His words in his letter to his grandfather are really interesting: “My score in English is 68 out of 150. A score of 50 is enough for a pass.Thus I have passed with credit.” That was how the clever boy stated his low score.
It was the year 1919. A very tragic event happened in India, British soldiers opened fire on a gathering in Jallianwala Bagh. There was no way of escape for the people. The event caused terror and anger in the minds of people all over the country. The tragedy drew the attention of the entire world.
Bhagat Singh was only twelve years old; his mind was deeply disturbed by this event. The next day instead of going to school, Bhagat Singh went straight to the place of the tragedy. He collected a bottle of mud wet with the blood of Indians and returned home. Then he put the bottle in a niche and worshipped it with flowers.
A year later, to avoid an arranged marriage, Singh ran away to Cawnpore.In a letter he left behind, he said:
My life has been dedicated to the noblest cause, that of the freedom of the country. Therefore, there is no rest or worldly desire that can lure me now.
In 1928, the British government set up the Simon Commission in India. Some Indian political parties boycotted the Commission because it did not include a single Indian in its membership. When the Commission visited Lahore on 30 October 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai led a march in protest against the Commission. Police’s attempts to disperse the large crowd resulted in violence. The superintendent of police, James A. Scott, ordered the police to lathi charge the protesters and personally assaulted Rai, who was injured, and later as a result Rai died.
In his death, the revolutionaries suffered a heavy loss. They decided that they should take revenge and that they should kill Scott who ordered the lathi-charge. Bhagat Singh and Rajguru were the leaders who had taken the responsibility to execute it.
In April 1929, the Central Legislative Assembly met in Delhi. The British Government wanted to place before the Assembly two bills which were likely to harm the country’s interests. Even if the Assembly rejected them, the Viceroy could use his special powers and approve them, and they would become laws. The Hindustan Samajvadi Prajatantra Sena (The Indian Socialist Republican Army) decided to resist the move. In response to the formulation of Defence of India Act, the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association planned to explode a bomb inside the assembly premises. On April 8 1929 Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw a bomb onto the corridors and shouted ‘Inquilab Zindabad!’ The plan was not meant to kill or injure anyone. Following the blasts both Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt courted arrest.
The British authority, while interrogating them, came to know about their involvement in the murder of J. P. Saunders. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev were charged with the murder. Singh admitted to the murder and made statements against the British rule during the trial.
While in jail, in those days, political prisoners were not treated properly in the jail. They were not given proper food. They were made to suffer in every possible way. Bhagat Singh and his companions decided to fight against the wretched conditions. As a protest, he along with some fellow prisoners declared to “go on hunger strike”. The strike continued for over a month and finally the British had to accept their conditions.
Bhagat Singh along with other revolutionaries found responsible for the Assembly bombing and murder of Saunders. On March 23, 1931, Bhagat Singh was hanged in Lahore with his fellow comrades Rajguru and Sukhdev. Singh was cremated at Hussainiwala on banks of Sutlej river.
All over the country tributes were paid to the heroes who fought for freedom and sacrificed their lives.Hundreds of songs were composed and sung about the martyrdom of Bhagat Singh. Even today, the heroic spirit of Bhagat Singh is an unfailing source of inspiration to the youth of the country. His courage, spirit of adventure and patriotism are an example to one and all.
This article is not enough to justify his sacrifice for our Nation. ……At last I can proudly say that he was the real Admirable Personality of our Admirable India.
Post by: Rajkaran Sharma