We Indians may have come across many freedom slogans quoted from our gallant and lion-hearted freedom fighters during the pre-independence era. One of such slogans which raise our spirit high and brings goose bumps to us is the historical “Tum Mujhe Khoon Do Main Tumhe Azadi Dunga.” This legendary slogan was given by India’s greatest son ever born, Subash Chandra Bose, often called as “Netaji”due to his outstanding advocacy and leadership for freedom. The excerpts from his historic speech delivered at Jubilee Hall in Rangoon is given below :
“स्वतंत्रता संग्राम के मेरे साथियों! स्वतंत्रता बलिदान चाहती है। आपने आज़ादी के लिए बहुत त्याग किया है, किन्तु अभी प्राणों की आहुति देना शेष है। आज़ादी को आज अपने शीश फूल की तरह चढ़ा देने वाले पुजारियों की आवश्यकता है। ऐसे नौजवानों की आवश्यकता है, जो अपना सिर काट कर स्वाधीनता की देवी को भेंट चढ़ा सकें। तुम मुझे खून दो, मैं तुम्हें आज़ादी दूँगा। खून भी एक दो बूँद नहीं इतना कि खून का एक महासागर तैयार हो जाये और उसमें में ब्रिटिश साम्राज्य को डूबो दूँ ।”
Born on 23rd January 1897 in Cuttack, his father Jankinath Bose was a prominent and wealthy lawyer. In 1902, Bose was admitted to the Protestant European School like his other siblings. On the very first day of his school, the head master of the school got a glimpse of how brillaint and sparkling his flair was. His nationlistic temprature came to light when he was expelled for assaulting his professor for the latter’s anti india comments.
Bose left India in 1919 to appear for Indian Civil Services Examination and stood fourth. However, he resigned from the post in 1921 as he didn’t want to work under the British government and returned for India.
In a letter written to his brother explaining the reason behind his resignation, he quoted – ” only on the soil of sacrifice and sufferings we can raise our national edifice“.
In the eagerness to fight for the Indian independence, he came back to India and joined the youth wing of Congress party. He also arranged a meeting with Gandhiji the very same day but the latter’s non violent idealogies didn’t impressed Bose much to which he flew back to Calcutta to work for an influential Bengal freedom fighter, Chittaranjan Das. He started with his own newspaper publication “Swaraj”. He was also the editor of the newspaper “Forward”, which was mentored by Chittaranjan Das.
Meanwhile, Bose was elected as the President of All India Youth Congress and was also elected as the Mayor of Calcutta in the following year, when he also worked as the CEO of Calcutta Municipal Corporation. His nationalistic attitude and approach did not go well with the Britishers and was arrested for a suspected terrorist. He was exiled to Mandalay jail (Burma) in 1925.
As soon as he was released from prison on medical grounds in 1927, the fiercy young man began his political career on a full fledged note and went on to become General Secretary of Congress party following which he decided to boycott the Simon Commission. He was again imprisoned by the British government but was later on released under the terms of Gandhi-Irwin pact. Bose was one of the first leader to call for Poorna Swaraj at any cost, even if it meant using force against the Britishers. Due to his contradicting ideologies with that of Gandhiji’s, the latter wasn’t happy when Bose was elected as a President of Indian National Congress in 1938. When Bose was re-elected to the same post in 1939, Gandhiji expressed his dissent and displeasure to which Bose himself resigned and established an independent political party, the All India Forward Bloc.
Netaji wanted to take an advantage of the World War – II and believed that India can sought freedom if it managed to enter in a political and diplomatic relation with the allies and played her part in the war against British. He visited Italy and Germany several times to meet the influential leaders over there. He was jailed again for leading the Civil Disobedience Movement against British decision of declaring war on India’s behalf in event of World War II. However, following a seven day hunger strike, he was released and put under a house arrest in Calcutta.
While being under house arrest, Netaji planned his escape for which he grew beard. One night, he managed to escape dressed as Pathan and none of the Britisher could identify him. He espaced first to Bihar and then to Peshawar. And then, reached Berlin via Kabul, Moscow and Rome, where he met Adolf Hitler. He founded the Free India Center in Berlin, and created the Indian Legion (consisting of some 4500 soldiers) out of Indian prisoners of war who had previously fought for the British in North Africa prior to their capture by Axis forces.
Later on, due to the lack of interest shown by Hitler in the cause of indian independence, Netaji decided to leave germany in 1943 and went Japan. With the help of Indian population in South East Asia, he managed to form an army of 85000 by reviving the Indian National Army (INA), which also had a seperate women unit (The Rani of Jhansi regiment). The World War II destroyed the British economy to such an extent that they were no longer to financially maintain their military forces and had to leave India.
The nation witnessed his unfortunate demise on 18th August, 1945 in an “alleged” plane crash while flying to Tokyo. However, his body was never recovered. There have been many theories till date and various inquiry commissions have been set up since independence but his death still remains a mystery.
Due to political reasons, Subhas Chandra Bose didn’t find much place in the History records. It was Netaji’s mastermind and diplomacy with the allies which set the path for India’s independence. The Admirable India community pays tribute to this electrifying and extravagant legend Subhash Chandra Bose. India owes a lot to him. He is undoubtedly India’s greatest hero ever.
Post by: Jaywant Zala
source: wikipedia and bharatdarshan.co.nz<p/p>